The Best and Worst Cities to Live as an Expat

The number of multinationals worldwide is on course to reach 13,900 by 2021 while the number of employees who are classed as expatriate or corporate transferees will exceed one million. The search for a higher quality of life for yourself and your family, the desire to face a new professional challenge, or simply the fulfillment of the dream of old age under palm trees—: there are many reasons for emigrating. Many expats appreciate the cultural similarity and proximity to their old homeland. The places of longing for aspiring expats also include more distant destinations overseas, such as the USA, Australia or Thailand.

We at LoanLink24, first examined in 2019 whether these countries are also the best destinations for emigration. With the Expat City Index, we examined 70 cities worldwide in the categories “economy”, “living”, “environment and urbanization” and “family and society” and created a ranking of the best emigrant destinations for expats in the worldwide. Two years and a pandemic later, we are repeating the research with fresh data on income opportunities, income tax rates, the cost of living and living, the hospitality of the locals, the general security situation, the quality of health care and many others. In addition, we have enriched the first post-Covid analysis with new perspectives. Above all, remote work and flexible work have become important factors so we have incorporated additional data to take these into account.

Please refer to the methodology below for more information on the research process.

Legend

  • Average net earnings indexAverage net earnings index
  • Cities with the most global 500 companiesCities with the most global 500 companies
  • Work Life BalanceWork Life Balance
  • Remote WorkRemote Work
  • Start-up ecosystemStart-up ecosystem
  • Unemployment rateUnemployment rate
  • Personal income tax ratePersonal income tax rate
  • House price to income ratioHouse price to income ratio
  • Price levels for foodPrice levels for food
  • Monthly rental expenditureMonthly rental expenditure
  • Friendly city rankingFriendly city ranking
  • Healthcare expenditureHealthcare expenditure
  • Safety scoreSafety score
  • Average annual sunshine hoursAverage annual sunshine hours
  • Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018
  • Environment performance indexEnvironment performance index
  • Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)
  • One-way public transport ticket costOne-way public transport ticket cost
  • Traffic congestionTraffic congestion
  • Number of top 1,000 educational universitiesNumber of top 1,000 educational universities
  • Immigration toleranceImmigration tolerance
  • Quality of life indexQuality of life index
  • English proficiency IndexEnglish proficiency Index
  • Monthly cost of living for familyMonthly cost of living for family
  • Vacation days per yearVacation days per year

In order to compare the 2019 expat city index with the 2021 expat city index, click on the respective year in the table below.

illustration-city
Economics
Experience
Environment & urbanization
Family & society
Scroll to select filter
Average net earnings index
Cities with the most global 500 companies
Work Life Balance
Remote Work
Start-up ecosystem
Unemployment rate
Personal income tax rate
Economics score
House price to income ratio
Price levels for food
Monthly rental expenditure
Friendly city ranking
Healthcare expenditure
Safety score
Average annual sunshine hours
Experience score
Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018
Environment performance index
Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)
One-way public transport ticket cost
Traffic congestion
Environment & urbanization score
Number of top 1,000 educational universities
Immigration tolerance
Quality of life index
English proficiency Index
Monthly cost of living for family
Vacation days per year
Family & society score
Total
#
City
Country
Average net earnings indexAverage net earnings index
Cities with the most global 500 companiesCities with the most global 500 companies
Work Life BalanceWork Life Balance
Remote WorkRemote Work
Start-up ecosystemStart-up ecosystem
Unemployment rateUnemployment rate
Personal income tax ratePersonal income tax rate
Economics scoreEconomics score
House price to income ratioHouse price to income ratio
Price levels for foodPrice levels for food
Monthly rental expenditureMonthly rental expenditure
Friendly city rankingFriendly city ranking
Healthcare expenditureHealthcare expenditure
Safety scoreSafety score
Average annual sunshine hoursAverage annual sunshine hours
Experience scoreExperience score
Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018
Environment performance indexEnvironment performance index
Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)
One-way public transport ticket costOne-way public transport ticket cost
Traffic congestionTraffic congestion
Environment & urbanization scoreEnvironment & urbanization score
Number of top 1,000 educational universitiesNumber of top 1,000 educational universities
Immigration toleranceImmigration tolerance
Quality of life indexQuality of life index
English proficiency IndexEnglish proficiency Index
Monthly cost of living for familyMonthly cost of living for family
Vacation days per yearVacation days per year
Family & society scoreFamily & society score
Total
1
Ottawa
Canada
5.91
1.74
10.00
8.90
8.41
4.79
6.89
9.55
7.48
7.77
8.83
6.26
9.04
5.22
7.98
3.76
7.59
9.80
5.88
4.19
6.24
1.82
3.00
8.34
9.91
8.13
4.41
6.64
6.94
2
Canberra
Australia
6.13
1.54
9.41
6.45
8.79
2.89
6.24
9.31
7.90
8.69
5.30
5.14
8.11
6.69
7.33
2.57
7.89
9.79
5.66
8.09
6.80
1.82
3.84
10.00
9.88
5.70
4.72
6.63
6.75
3
Wellington
New Zealand
5.56
1.00
8.81
2.84
8.96
4.79
6.01
9.38
5.35
6.00
6.09
5.07
8.08
4.00
6.41
4.41
8.19
9.80
8.20
4.21
6.96
1.82
3.44
8.74
9.64
7.50
4.72
6.65
6.51
4
Toronto
Canada
5.91
1.74
10.00
9.75
8.41
4.79
6.97
8.43
6.34
6.00
8.83
5.80
9.30
4.00
7.28
3.76
7.59
9.65
6.04
2.71
5.95
2.64
3.03
5.86
9.91
6.23
4.01
5.77
6.49
5
Glasgow
United Kingdom
5.22
2.68
9.41
7.06
8.99
2.74
6.25
8.92
7.77
8.12
2.83
5.47
6.89
1.00
5.88
3.62
8.81
9.62
5.41
5.17
6.53
1.82
2.42
7.68
9.87
7.53
8.14
7.07
6.43
6
Bern
Switzerland
10.00
2.01
8.22
6.83
9.48
3.68
7.16
8.73
1.35
6.38
1.91
6.91
9.73
2.26
5.53
5.35
10.00
9.24
4.51
6.81
7.18
1.82
3.95
7.76
5.88
5.04
6.87
5.69
6.39
7
Madrid
Spain
3.62
1.60
8.08
9.43
5.56
2.89
5.13
8.63
7.30
7.65
7.91
5.01
7.50
6.54
7.36
4.93
8.57
9.47
6.83
6.17
7.20
4.27
2.29
5.84
4.57
7.55
6.93
5.64
6.33
8
Melbourne
Australia
6.13
1.54
9.41
9.39
8.79
2.89
6.54
8.75
5.69
6.00
5.30
5.14
9.20
4.53
6.51
2.57
7.89
9.81
5.53
3.55
5.87
1.82
3.84
7.68
9.88
6.14
4.72
6.25
6.29
9
Abu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates
3.88
1.00
5.25
1.05
9.48
10.00
5.93
9.55
6.61
4.85
8.17
1.26
8.98
10.00
7.14
1.45
5.48
6.29
9.46
10.00
6.54
1.00
10.00
7.06
2.68
4.75
7.83
5.56
6.29
10
Amsterdam
Netherlands
4.50
1.81
9.68
9.73
9.13
1.79
6.17
8.58
6.52
4.85
5.57
5.99
8.06
2.63
6.07
6.27
8.11
9.35
4.53
5.51
6.75
2.64
2.31
7.12
7.76
4.62
8.20
6.04
6.26
11
Frankfurt
Germany
5.86
2.88
8.22
8.34
9.27
2.89
6.37
8.99
5.83
7.31
4.00
6.32
7.63
2.08
6.11
4.45
8.57
8.91
5.02
4.60
6.31
2.64
2.62
7.10
6.31
7.31
7.42
6.16
6.24
12
Edinburgh
United Kingdom
5.22
2.68
10.00
7.77
8.99
2.74
6.44
8.91
7.52
6.77
2.83
5.47
6.89
1.29
5.62
3.62
8.81
9.78
6.71
1.59
6.10
1.82
2.42
8.09
9.87
7.15
6.59
6.76
6.23
13
Lisbon
Portugal
2.54
1.00
8.09
8.82
8.10
2.42
5.21
7.78
7.22
7.92
10.00
4.88
9.06
6.65
8.05
4.03
7.54
9.33
7.09
2.73
6.15
2.64
1.86
5.77
5.49
8.36
5.44
5.46
6.22
14
Berlin
Germany
5.40
2.88
8.24
9.89
9.27
2.89
6.44
8.64
6.24
7.73
4.00
6.32
8.65
2.49
6.45
4.45
8.57
9.33
3.94
3.05
5.87
1.82
2.62
6.75
6.31
7.39
7.24
5.98
6.18
15
Oslo
Norway
6.41
1.07
9.47
7.90
9.17
4.00
6.71
8.12
3.48
4.85
3.87
5.53
9.44
2.65
5.61
6.91
8.43
9.62
2.63
6.45
6.80
1.82
2.53
6.73
7.34
5.18
6.62
5.61
6.18
16
Washington, D.C.
United States of America
6.69
10.00
8.22
9.86
9.13
4.16
7.63
9.46
4.65
4.08
5.43
10.00
5.07
4.42
5.77
4.73
7.43
9.53
6.07
3.96
6.35
2.64
2.43
6.74
10.00
2.69
2.86
4.96
6.18
17
Munich
Germany
5.90
2.88
8.22
9.29
9.27
2.89
6.47
7.57
5.28
5.62
4.00
6.32
9.74
2.79
6.07
4.45
8.57
9.17
4.20
3.48
5.97
2.64
2.62
7.97
6.31
6.54
7.39
6.17
6.17
18
Tallinn
Estonia
2.67
1.00
9.41
8.54
8.82
6.84
6.50
8.58
6.89
8.81
1.13
3.23
8.83
3.05
5.93
5.04
6.34
9.71
6.66
3.16
6.18
1.00
2.49
7.24
4.66
8.74
7.80
6.04
6.16
19
Prague
Czech Republic
2.17
1.00
7.64
8.86
9.37
6.53
6.13
7.33
7.32
8.15
2.04
3.76
9.30
2.65
6.00
4.40
6.87
8.86
8.04
4.37
6.51
4.27
1.70
6.30
5.49
8.14
6.93
5.97
6.15
20
Sydney
Australia
6.13
1.54
9.41
9.68
8.79
2.89
6.57
8.21
5.41
4.46
5.30
5.14
8.83
5.92
6.19
2.57
7.89
9.66
5.69
2.32
5.63
4.27
3.84
7.43
9.88
4.94
4.72
6.21
6.15
21
Bucharest
Romania
1.65
1.00
8.22
8.29
8.79
8.42
6.34
8.44
9.06
9.58
7.65
2.38
6.12
3.66
7.02
6.67
6.42
7.94
9.29
1.23
6.31
1.82
1.19
4.15
3.35
9.28
5.90
4.84
6.13
22
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg
7.36
1.07
8.19
6.40
8.62
2.74
6.13
8.50
5.24
5.23
5.04
2.91
7.76
2.51
5.52
6.15
8.69
9.37
6.12
2.44
6.55
1.82
5.68
8.24
6.89
4.71
7.83
6.28
6.12
23
Copenhagen
Denmark
6.22
1.07
9.89
8.72
8.75
1.16
6.18
8.88
3.44
6.38
2.30
5.73
8.70
3.04
5.59
7.50
9.08
9.53
2.37
6.47
6.99
2.64
2.11
8.32
7.11
3.15
7.42
5.67
6.11
24
Zurich
Switzerland
10.00
2.01
8.22
9.07
9.48
3.68
7.38
8.58
1.00
3.69
1.91
6.91
10.00
2.29
5.00
5.35
10.00
9.37
3.48
3.01
6.24
2.64
3.95
8.88
5.88
3.79
6.87
5.74
6.09
25
Dubai
United Arab Emirates
3.99
1.07
4.65
7.54
9.44
10.00
6.48
9.62
6.81
5.23
8.17
1.20
8.67
9.96
7.17
1.45
5.48
5.76
8.75
5.58
5.41
1.00
9.86
7.16
2.68
3.25
7.83
5.27
6.08
26
Stockholm
Sweden
5.35
1.20
8.94
9.59
8.27
1.00
5.79
7.46
5.27
6.00
3.48
6.19
8.99
3.19
5.90
7.80
8.91
9.75
1.00
4.81
6.45
2.64
2.78
6.73
7.85
6.32
6.59
6.04
6.05
27
Manama
Bahrain
4.66
1.00
4.65
1.00
9.10
10.00
5.88
9.25
5.61
9.00
9.48
2.38
4.89
8.60
7.26
1.55
4.89
5.39
9.01
5.92
5.35
1.00
5.88
5.66
2.43
8.11
8.45
5.62
6.03
28
Vienna
Austria
5.54
1.07
7.49
8.40
8.69
1.32
5.55
7.75
4.93
7.73
1.78
5.27
9.81
3.57
6.02
3.46
8.66
9.04
5.17
4.28
6.12
4.27
2.93
8.23
6.18
7.37
6.43
6.36
6.01
29
Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
3.25
1.07
10.00
1.21
6.08
10.00
6.09
10.00
9.00
9.08
2.43
2.77
5.21
8.18
6.34
1.41
5.26
6.84
9.01
5.78
5.66
1.82
4.76
5.83
1.88
8.64
10.00
5.93
6.01
30
Budapest
Hungary
1.71
1.00
7.62
8.43
9.23
7.63
6.18
7.75
7.18
9.08
2.57
3.69
8.22
3.57
6.19
5.97
6.45
8.94
7.99
2.21
6.31
1.82
1.52
4.45
5.47
9.09
6.00
5.33
6.01
31
Barcelona
Spain
3.60
1.00
8.22
9.54
5.56
2.89
5.11
7.77
7.21
7.23
7.91
5.01
7.07
5.68
7.01
4.93
8.57
9.45
4.10
3.67
6.14
2.64
2.31
5.34
4.57
7.34
8.45
5.64
5.97
32
San Francisco
United States of America
6.69
10.00
8.22
10.00
9.13
4.16
7.64
8.10
5.29
1.00
5.43
10.00
6.20
7.19
5.59
4.73
7.43
9.26
5.64
2.23
5.86
2.64
2.42
7.26
10.00
1.00
3.23
4.80
5.97
33
Warsaw
Poland
2.22
1.07
7.40
9.06
9.13
4.95
5.75
8.29
8.07
8.54
3.09
3.10
9.12
4.18
6.51
3.79
6.31
8.31
8.53
1.75
5.74
3.45
1.40
5.49
6.03
8.89
6.46
5.86
5.97
34
Bratislava
Slovakia
1.94
1.00
8.81
7.91
8.34
6.05
5.92
8.13
7.74
8.58
1.26
3.50
7.41
2.78
5.66
4.64
7.34
8.88
8.63
2.55
6.41
2.64
1.34
5.79
5.07
9.57
6.68
5.82
5.95
35
Taipei
Taiwan
4.41
1.47
8.22
5.56
9.17
3.68
5.80
7.01
4.62
9.08
9.87
2.31
9.17
2.56
7.27
5.07
7.69
8.77
9.52
2.30
6.67
1.00
1.19
5.21
3.70
8.07
1.99
4.01
5.94
36
Lyon
France
4.67
2.95
8.81
7.45
7.42
2.89
5.80
8.69
5.96
7.77
2.96
6.26
7.31
3.83
6.08
4.48
9.45
9.33
6.71
3.69
6.73
2.64
2.21
4.05
4.50
6.94
7.36
5.05
5.92
37
New York
United States of America
6.69
10.00
8.22
9.98
9.13
4.16
7.64
8.09
3.87
1.77
5.43
10.00
6.81
4.71
5.47
4.73
7.43
9.71
5.36
1.93
5.83
5.09
2.42
5.17
10.00
1.41
3.23
4.71
5.91
38
Tokyo
Japan
5.79
4.49
8.81
9.77
9.61
1.16
6.50
7.81
2.91
6.77
4.39
6.12
9.04
3.40
6.06
5.20
7.98
9.21
7.13
1.55
6.21
5.91
1.17
7.00
3.68
5.66
4.26
4.83
5.90
39
Singapore City
Singapore
3.91
1.20
5.84
9.64
9.75
6.53
6.29
6.14
4.47
3.69
4.91
1.79
8.69
4.05
5.10
10.00
6.33
9.08
8.25
2.98
7.33
3.45
5.68
6.19
7.39
4.22
1.93
4.86
5.90
40
Brussels
Belgium
3.59
1.13
8.93
8.91
8.41
2.11
5.61
9.15
6.47
7.62
3.61
5.86
5.68
2.21
5.75
6.39
8.41
9.13
5.92
1.87
6.34
2.64
2.72
5.85
6.27
7.36
6.77
5.78
5.87
41
Doha
Qatar
3.38
1.00
7.03
1.04
9.58
10.00
6.20
9.56
6.98
4.46
3.22
1.00
9.35
7.72
5.93
1.36
6.89
6.21
8.86
5.49
5.76
1.82
7.64
6.66
2.62
4.83
8.45
5.46
5.84
42
Paris
France
4.82
2.95
8.66
9.80
7.42
2.89
6.03
7.04
4.87
5.62
2.96
6.26
6.99
2.63
5.19
4.48
9.45
9.01
6.35
1.91
6.24
6.73
2.23
4.39
4.50
6.58
7.83
5.55
5.75
43
London
United Kingdom
5.22
2.68
9.41
9.96
8.99
2.89
6.57
6.14
5.50
3.69
2.83
5.47
6.89
1.73
4.57
3.62
8.81
9.30
4.89
1.89
5.70
9.18
2.42
4.42
9.87
4.11
6.28
6.10
5.73
44
Dublin
Ireland
5.62
1.20
8.66
9.23
8.48
2.42
6.08
8.58
5.73
4.85
6.22
4.09
7.66
1.78
5.76
3.56
8.63
9.51
4.43
1.30
5.49
2.64
2.71
5.63
9.21
4.92
5.25
5.54
5.72
45
Helsinki
Finland
5.13
1.07
8.78
9.38
7.90
1.47
5.70
8.36
5.07
6.77
2.17
5.14
1.83
3.04
4.32
4.45
8.61
9.70
4.20
7.31
6.85
1.82
1.62
7.86
6.78
5.95
7.42
5.95
5.70
46
Riga
Latvia
1.71
1.00
7.62
8.24
7.93
5.11
5.40
8.39
8.50
9.27
1.39
2.77
2.60
2.96
4.91
5.15
6.63
9.63
8.15
5.24
6.96
1.00
2.34
5.45
4.83
8.83
5.13
5.18
5.61
47
Athens
Greece
2.28
1.00
7.34
8.22
3.81
2.89
4.19
8.41
7.11
9.35
5.96
4.48
6.85
6.55
7.09
2.51
7.81
8.67
8.67
1.64
5.86
2.64
1.60
4.48
5.16
8.37
5.53
5.13
5.57
48
Moscow
Russian Federation
1.95
1.34
8.22
9.84
8.79
7.95
6.50
6.60
8.64
7.77
3.35
2.64
2.52
2.83
4.80
2.85
6.26
9.46
8.72
1.09
5.67
2.64
1.82
3.25
3.94
8.14
8.85
5.28
5.56
49
Milan
Italy
4.21
1.60
8.22
9.00
6.76
3.21
5.54
7.00
6.00
6.77
4.78
4.88
6.65
3.52
5.78
3.09
8.34
8.48
7.20
3.32
6.09
3.45
2.01
4.53
4.56
6.30
6.03
4.83
5.56
50
Reykjavík
Iceland
5.19
1.00
6.37
7.04
9.51
2.74
5.57
9.16
5.65
4.85
1.65
4.61
2.35
1.23
3.84
3.66
8.60
10.00
4.17
8.02
6.89
1.82
2.42
8.08
7.07
5.79
5.97
5.81
5.52
51
Buenos Aires
Argentina
2.01
1.00
6.44
9.16
7.04
4.47
5.01
7.97
8.75
9.15
6.74
3.43
5.82
5.71
6.93
1.27
5.55
8.24
9.97
2.03
5.41
1.82
1.49
3.68
4.96
9.92
3.39
4.72
5.52
52
Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia
2.03
1.07
5.84
8.38
9.26
5.58
5.49
8.33
4.53
9.12
7.26
1.59
5.16
4.63
6.22
2.81
5.54
7.80
9.57
1.98
5.54
2.64
1.86
3.55
5.34
8.47
3.95
4.71
5.49
53
Sao Paulo
Brazil
2.67
1.47
8.22
9.61
6.52
5.58
5.71
6.43
8.16
8.77
8.30
4.81
3.18
4.71
6.46
1.18
5.54
8.96
8.27
1.46
5.08
2.64
1.09
1.77
3.49
8.80
7.30
4.65
5.47
54
Kyiv
Ukraine
1.12
1.00
8.22
9.41
7.52
7.16
5.84
7.09
10.00
9.54
4.26
2.97
2.51
4.47
5.72
2.50
4.53
9.16
9.98
1.27
5.49
1.00
2.13
3.23
3.92
9.14
5.97
4.76
5.45
55
Zagreb
Croatia
1.83
1.00
5.84
7.95
7.35
4.32
4.76
8.27
7.78
9.35
1.52
3.82
2.44
3.46
5.00
3.16
6.52
9.14
9.36
2.14
6.07
1.82
2.36
6.48
5.53
9.69
6.06
5.97
5.45
56
Mexico City
Mexico
1.18
1.20
5.84
9.18
9.23
4.47
5.19
8.35
9.06
9.00
9.74
2.84
3.29
4.08
6.84
1.65
5.61
8.67
9.90
1.18
5.40
3.45
1.09
2.57
3.23
9.01
4.41
4.30
5.43
57
Rome
Italy
4.60
1.60
8.40
8.16
6.76
3.21
5.57
6.48
6.45
6.77
4.78
4.88
6.36
5.13
5.88
3.09
8.34
8.53
7.20
1.68
5.77
2.64
2.01
3.54
4.56
5.82
5.75
4.40
5.40
58
Manila
Philippines
1.37
1.00
8.22
8.52
8.55
4.47
5.48
7.19
8.91
9.50
8.70
1.85
1.81
4.19
6.22
1.57
5.29
9.12
9.72
1.82
5.50
1.00
1.01
1.13
5.90
9.43
2.89
4.07
5.32
59
Seoul
South Korea
3.38
2.01
3.47
9.48
9.16
3.37
5.02
6.95
1.70
8.15
4.65
3.82
9.78
4.06
6.17
3.93
6.02
8.32
7.82
1.50
5.52
2.64
1.22
5.62
4.89
7.09
2.92
4.49
5.30
60
Tel Aviv
Israel
4.35
1.00
6.44
9.91
9.06
2.11
5.48
6.22
5.17
6.38
7.00
3.82
4.68
8.44
5.98
1.95
8.04
8.76
7.46
1.41
5.52
1.82
3.40
5.97
2.35
5.18
3.51
3.92
5.23
61
Tripoli
Libya
1.18
1.00
8.22
8.81
4.60
8.42
5.46
8.45
9.18
9.46
1.00
2.38
2.15
8.14
5.34
1.00
4.04
7.59
9.17
5.12
5.38
1.00
2.25
2.70
1.00
8.80
7.83
4.39
5.14
62
Hanoi
Vietnam
1.61
1.00
4.06
5.94
9.68
4.47
4.66
7.11
8.09
8.31
8.96
2.71
6.70
1.87
6.77
1.81
3.59
7.59
9.84
4.08
5.38
1.00
1.03
2.79
3.97
9.62
1.00
3.68
5.12
63
Jakarta
Indonesia
1.16
1.07
8.22
9.32
8.48
5.26
5.66
7.05
7.51
9.50
7.39
1.13
5.08
7.27
6.69
1.66
3.59
6.58
9.69
1.14
4.53
1.00
1.01
1.35
3.63
9.29
2.24
3.50
5.10
64
Bangkok
Thailand
2.06
1.07
5.25
8.73
10.00
4.47
5.34
6.40
5.47
8.92
7.52
1.46
4.33
6.03
6.09
3.39
4.06
8.22
8.75
1.16
5.12
1.82
1.52
2.62
2.96
8.30
2.33
3.58
5.03
65
Beijing
China
1.84
7.92
6.44
9.71
9.13
2.89
5.82
1.00
6.47
7.69
4.52
2.45
6.72
5.95
5.37
1.15
4.19
6.12
9.31
1.66
4.49
10.00
1.00
1.00
3.71
7.72
1.53
3.89
4.89
66
Shanghai
China
1.91
7.92
6.44
9.47
9.13
2.89
5.81
2.05
6.09
7.92
4.52
2.45
6.94
3.15
5.25
1.15
4.19
7.34
9.24
2.48
4.88
2.64
1.00
1.46
3.71
7.93
2.15
3.42
4.84
67
Istanbul
Turkey
1.41
1.07
1.00
8.63
6.70
4.47
3.68
8.09
7.22
9.35
6.35
1.66
3.82
3.91
5.99
1.53
4.54
8.52
8.68
1.11
4.88
2.64
1.19
3.60
2.66
9.63
5.87
4.74
4.82
68
New Delhi
India
1.07
1.47
6.44
9.70
9.37
4.32
5.35
7.49
7.94
10.00
5.70
1.53
3.24
6.25
6.11
1.58
1.00
1.00
9.60
1.07
2.85
3.45
1.03
2.02
4.86
10.00
4.94
4.81
4.78
69
Mumbai
India
1.00
1.47
5.84
9.50
9.37
4.32
5.20
4.96
7.66
9.08
5.70
1.53
5.32
5.89
6.02
1.58
1.00
5.49
10.00
1.00
3.81
1.82
1.03
1.54
4.86
9.07
1.74
3.73
4.69
70
Cape Town
South Africa
2.26
1.00
6.44
7.22
1.00
2.89
3.34
9.21
8.04
8.00
2.70
4.35
1.00
7.36
5.24
1.76
3.24
6.92
8.44
3.03
4.68
1.82
1.71
5.59
6.93
8.65
3.05
5.20
4.61
Show all results

Radical changes in the way we work and live in the last decade have been shaped primarily by globalization and advancing digitization. The crisis has accelerated this change to a degree that nobody could have imagined. In the extreme situation, the theories from the “Future of Work”, including a comprehensive home office, communication via video conferences, flexible working time models and much more, have also proven themselves in practice. It can already be foreseen that hybrid work will become the new normal in many industries and a decisive factor criterion for everyone who is looking for a good work-life balance. With the following list, we want to show how the ranking would have been if the pandemic had never existed. The analysis includes all influencing factors also considered above - with the exception of the data for remote work.

Expat City Index post-coronavirus

In addition, we have enriched the first post-Covid analysis with new perspectives. Above all, remote work and flexible work have become important factors so we have incorporated additional data to take these into account.

2021
Economics
Experience
Environment & urbanization
Family & society
Scroll to select filter
2021
Average net earnings index
Cities with the most global 500 companies
Work Life Balance
Remote Work
Start-up ecosystem
Unemployment rate
Personal income tax rate
Economics score
House price to income ratio
Price levels for food
Monthly rental expenditure
Friendly city ranking
Healthcare expenditure
Safety score
Average annual sunshine hours
Experience score
Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018
Environment performance index
Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)
One-way public transport ticket cost
Traffic congestion
Environment & urbanization score
Number of top 1,000 educational universities
Immigration tolerance
Quality of life index
English proficiency Index
Monthly cost of living for family
Vacation days per year
Family & society score
Total
#
City
Country
Average net earnings indexAverage net earnings index
Cities with the most global 500 companiesCities with the most global 500 companies
Work Life BalanceWork Life Balance
Remote WorkRemote Work
Start-up ecosystemStart-up ecosystem
Unemployment rateUnemployment rate
Personal income tax ratePersonal income tax rate
Economics scoreEconomics score
House price to income ratioHouse price to income ratio
Price levels for foodPrice levels for food
Monthly rental expenditureMonthly rental expenditure
Friendly city rankingFriendly city ranking
Healthcare expenditureHealthcare expenditure
Safety scoreSafety score
Average annual sunshine hoursAverage annual sunshine hours
Experience scoreExperience score
Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018Average internet speed (Mbps), 2018
Environment performance indexEnvironment performance index
Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)Air pollution, average PM2.5 concentration (µg/m³)
One-way public transport ticket costOne-way public transport ticket cost
Traffic congestionTraffic congestion
Environment & urbanization scoreEnvironment & urbanization score
Number of top 1,000 educational universitiesNumber of top 1,000 educational universities
Immigration toleranceImmigration tolerance
Quality of life indexQuality of life index
English proficiency IndexEnglish proficiency Index
Monthly cost of living for familyMonthly cost of living for family
Vacation days per yearVacation days per year
Family & society scoreFamily & society score
Total
1
Ottawa
Canada
5.91
1.80
10.00
8.32
8.30
7.43
4.79
6.56
9.34
7.48
7.77
7.78
6.19
7.93
5.22
7.52
4.96
8.11
9.75
4.47
6.07
6.67
3.45
3.50
7.39
10.00
7.63
4.41
6.58
6.83
2
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg
7.36
1.07
7.50
10.00
6.43
8.34
2.74
6.35
7.95
5.24
5.23
4.78
2.75
7.68
2.51
5.39
6.05
9.97
9.59
10.00
3.37
7.80
2.64
6.09
10.00
7.31
4.51
7.83
6.80
6.58
3
Bern
Switzerland
10.00
1.87
6.71
8.46
5.70
8.94
3.68
6.75
8.53
1.35
6.38
3.09
6.87
8.93
2.26
5.58
9.50
9.84
9.51
1.00
6.77
7.32
1.82
4.44
9.81
6.65
4.51
6.87
6.19
6.46
4
Abu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates
3.88
1.00
3.74
4.22
6.76
8.88
10.00
5.66
9.47
6.61
4.85
7.39
2.09
10.00
10.00
7.26
3.06
6.13
7.86
8.94
10.00
7.20
1.00
10.00
7.08
3.18
4.80
7.83
5.68
6.45
5
Toronto
Canada
5.91
1.80
10.00
8.32
9.52
7.43
4.79
6.68
7.79
6.34
6.00
7.78
6.19
5.91
4.00
6.37
4.96
8.11
9.78
4.94
4.78
6.51
2.64
3.50
7.39
10.00
5.87
4.01
6.07
6.41
6
Canberra
Australia
6.13
1.27
5.93
4.63
4.84
8.42
2.89
4.78
9.35
7.90
8.69
7.00
5.24
8.51
6.69
7.76
2.85
8.75
8.83
2.99
8.19
6.32
1.82
4.30
9.08
10.00
5.28
4.72
6.43
6.32
7
Madrid
Spain
3.62
1.47
7.50
3.66
9.15
5.52
2.89
4.40
7.55
7.30
7.65
7.52
5.06
7.41
6.54
7.16
5.21
8.66
9.56
6.53
8.12
7.62
4.27
2.48
7.75
5.13
7.25
6.93
6.08
6.32
8
Amsterdam
Netherlands
4.50
1.73
8.83
8.50
9.46
9.26
1.79
5.88
8.10
6.52
4.85
4.91
5.68
6.80
2.63
5.60
8.33
8.82
9.45
2.60
6.36
7.11
2.64
2.43
9.22
8.56
4.51
8.20
6.61
6.30
9
Reykjavik
Iceland
5.19
1.00
5.38
8.07
5.76
8.43
2.74
5.26
9.13
5.65
4.85
6.22
4.74
8.48
1.23
5.98
10.00
8.33
9.76
2.56
7.58
7.64
1.82
2.42
8.89
8.56
5.70
5.97
6.25
6.28
10
Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
3.25
1.07
10.00
4.22
6.32
7.86
10.00
6.02
10.00
9.00
9.08
5.96
3.42
7.75
8.18
7.62
1.83
5.90
7.93
8.31
4.66
5.72
1.82
3.83
6.41
1.00
8.28
10.00
5.70
6.27
11
Tallinn
Estonia
2.67
1.00
7.50
5.18
8.75
8.31
6.84
5.49
8.39
6.89
8.81
3.48
3.63
8.42
3.05
6.34
6.39
7.18
9.87
6.53
3.19
6.64
1.00
2.91
8.46
5.99
8.30
7.80
6.50
6.24
12
Zürich
Switzerland
10.00
1.87
6.71
8.46
8.92
8.94
3.68
7.07
8.79
1.00
3.69
3.09
6.87
9.30
2.29
5.11
9.50
9.84
9.57
1.41
2.94
6.65
2.64
4.44
9.81
6.65
3.35
6.87
6.04
6.22
13
Helsinki
Finland
5.13
1.13
7.65
8.32
9.17
8.01
1.47
5.58
7.69
5.07
6.77
3.74
5.09
8.01
3.04
5.79
4.29
9.41
9.99
3.52
8.28
7.10
1.82
1.65
9.18
7.94
5.66
7.42
6.39
6.22
14
Glasgow
United Kingdom
5.22
4.47
6.24
7.22
6.42
9.03
2.74
5.65
9.13
7.77
8.12
5.70
5.69
5.33
1.00
6.19
2.02
9.80
9.69
3.28
5.59
6.08
1.82
2.53
7.32
10.00
6.73
8.14
6.87
6.20
15
Manama
Bahrain
4.66
1.00
2.96
6.45
3.52
9.27
10.00
5.90
8.61
5.61
9.00
8.30
2.03
8.43
8.60
7.63
1.69
4.84
6.06
8.42
5.88
5.38
2.64
5.35
6.41
2.61
7.81
8.45
5.86
6.19
16
Wellington
New Zealand
5.56
1.00
5.15
6.25
4.57
9.01
4.79
5.29
9.24
5.35
6.00
7.91
5.20
7.55
4.00
6.67
6.06
8.16
9.90
3.60
2.83
6.11
1.82
3.68
8.63
10.00
7.02
4.72
6.62
6.17
17
Copenhagen
Denmark
6.22
1.07
9.37
7.53
8.84
8.68
1.16
5.78
8.71
3.44
6.38
2.70
5.74
7.69
3.04
5.45
7.50
10.00
9.51
2.56
6.61
7.24
2.64
2.23
9.75
7.97
3.03
7.42
6.12
6.14
18
Washington, D.C.
United States Of America
6.69
9.13
7.65
7.55
9.65
7.90
4.16
7.11
9.49
4.65
4.08
6.35
10.00
3.31
4.42
5.60
6.43
7.84
7.35
3.60
7.15
6.47
2.64
2.78
7.94
10.00
3.24
2.86
5.35
6.13
19
Dubai
United Arab Emirates
3.99
1.00
2.96
4.22
8.73
8.88
10.00
5.80
9.45
6.81
5.23
7.39
2.09
9.27
9.96
7.21
3.06
6.13
6.87
7.32
6.18
5.91
2.64
10.00
7.08
3.18
3.51
7.83
5.58
6.13
20
Lisbon
Portugal
2.54
1.00
6.79
4.95
8.44
8.21
2.42
4.43
6.79
7.22
7.92
9.35
5.33
7.59
6.65
7.57
3.81
7.46
9.54
5.90
4.12
6.17
2.64
1.99
7.54
7.55
7.90
5.44
6.15
6.08
21
Edinburgh
United Kingdom
5.22
4.47
6.24
7.22
8.05
9.03
2.74
5.82
8.62
7.52
6.77
5.70
5.69
7.25
1.29
6.26
2.02
9.80
9.81
5.16
1.95
5.75
1.82
2.53
7.32
10.00
5.52
6.59
6.32
6.03
22
Bucharest
Romania
1.65
1.00
7.65
1.00
7.88
8.91
8.42
4.76
8.20
9.06
9.58
6.74
2.92
7.62
3.66
7.17
5.63
7.08
8.82
8.94
1.38
6.37
2.64
1.14
5.18
6.68
8.83
5.90
5.70
6.00
23
San Francisco
United States Of America
6.69
9.13
7.65
7.55
10.00
7.90
4.16
7.15
8.80
5.29
1.00
6.35
10.00
3.55
7.19
5.31
6.43
7.84
9.49
4.09
4.80
6.53
2.64
2.78
7.94
10.00
1.00
3.23
4.98
5.99
24
Frankfurt
Germany
5.86
2.80
7.65
4.57
8.15
9.26
2.89
5.45
8.37
5.83
7.31
3.35
6.59
5.61
2.08
5.54
4.15
9.13
9.46
3.66
5.23
6.33
2.64
2.46
8.71
7.49
6.93
7.42
6.62
5.98
25
New York
United States Of America
6.69
9.13
7.65
7.55
9.98
7.90
4.16
7.15
8.31
3.87
1.77
6.35
10.00
4.88
4.71
5.29
6.43
7.84
7.72
4.58
3.28
5.97
5.91
2.78
7.94
10.00
1.89
3.23
5.48
5.97
26
Melbourne
Australia
6.13
1.27
5.93
4.63
9.27
8.42
2.89
5.22
8.61
5.69
6.00
7.00
5.24
5.24
4.53
6.05
2.85
8.75
9.64
3.60
4.10
5.79
4.27
4.30
9.08
10.00
5.74
4.72
6.77
5.96
27
Budapest
Hungary
1.71
1.00
7.50
2.60
7.44
9.16
7.63
4.90
7.25
7.18
9.08
4.00
3.63
6.46
3.57
6.07
8.66
6.92
9.00
7.70
2.81
7.02
1.82
1.54
5.36
6.95
8.76
6.00
5.75
5.93
28
Vienna
Austria
5.54
1.00
6.87
6.29
8.38
8.56
1.32
5.11
7.61
4.93
7.73
2.57
5.10
8.02
3.57
5.78
3.01
9.52
9.33
4.47
3.22
5.91
5.09
3.04
9.15
7.70
6.99
6.43
6.87
5.92
29
Munich
Germany
5.90
2.80
7.65
4.57
9.29
9.26
2.89
5.57
6.88
5.28
5.62
3.35
6.59
9.12
2.79
5.77
4.15
9.13
9.46
2.14
3.89
5.76
3.45
2.46
8.71
7.49
6.21
7.39
6.55
5.91
30
Lyon
France
4.67
2.73
7.50
6.33
6.86
7.92
2.89
5.28
8.45
5.96
7.77
4.65
6.48
5.14
3.83
5.98
4.86
9.59
9.25
5.63
3.53
6.57
2.64
2.42
6.67
5.78
6.55
7.36
5.78
5.90
31
Barcelona
Spain
3.60
1.00
7.50
3.66
9.31
5.52
2.89
4.36
7.47
7.21
7.23
7.52
5.06
5.09
5.68
6.51
5.21
8.66
9.42
4.45
4.69
6.48
2.64
2.48
7.75
5.13
6.95
8.45
6.17
5.88
32
Sydney
Australia
6.13
1.27
5.93
4.63
9.33
8.42
2.89
5.22
8.47
5.41
4.46
7.00
5.24
6.80
5.92
6.16
2.85
8.75
9.76
4.33
2.52
5.64
4.27
4.30
9.08
10.00
4.26
4.72
6.47
5.87
33
Taipei
Taiwan
4.41
1.53
7.65
5.64
9.23
9.27
3.68
5.52
3.37
4.62
9.08
10.00
2.63
9.72
2.56
7.08
5.13
5.85
9.15
8.58
1.50
6.04
1.82
1.22
5.74
7.34
7.41
1.99
4.80
5.86
34
Prague
Czech Republic
2.17
1.00
6.79
3.03
8.42
9.66
6.53
4.93
6.49
7.32
8.15
2.96
4.23
8.18
2.65
5.93
3.04
8.11
9.34
7.28
4.08
6.37
4.27
1.38
7.11
6.41
7.69
6.93
6.19
5.86
35
Berlin
Germany
5.40
2.80
7.68
4.57
9.77
9.26
2.89
5.52
8.34
6.24
7.73
3.35
6.59
5.72
2.49
5.73
4.15
9.13
9.24
3.07
2.29
5.58
1.82
2.46
8.71
7.49
7.00
7.24
6.51
5.83
36
Brussels
Belgium
3.59
1.07
7.10
7.20
8.63
8.71
2.11
5.13
9.24
6.47
7.62
5.30
5.89
4.32
2.21
5.83
6.05
8.49
9.52
4.47
2.45
6.20
2.64
2.85
6.68
7.37
6.97
6.77
6.11
5.82
37
Stockholm
Sweden
5.35
1.13
7.97
8.07
9.56
7.83
1.00
5.53
7.36
5.27
6.00
2.83
6.26
5.15
3.19
5.00
7.21
9.38
10.00
1.41
4.19
6.44
2.64
3.03
8.29
7.76
5.79
6.59
6.25
5.81
38
Bratislava
Slovakia
1.94
1.00
8.43
2.72
6.24
8.34
6.05
4.54
7.46
7.74
8.58
1.26
3.63
7.18
2.78
5.57
6.50
7.67
8.96
7.93
2.97
6.81
2.64
1.36
6.59
6.32
9.06
6.68
6.13
5.76
39
Warsaw
Poland
2.22
1.00
6.56
4.04
8.52
9.47
4.95
4.80
7.15
8.07
8.54
3.87
3.40
7.85
4.18
6.33
5.18
6.46
8.68
7.77
2.04
6.03
3.45
1.20
5.25
6.89
8.53
6.46
5.89
5.76
40
Oslo
Norway
6.41
1.07
9.06
2.70
8.11
9.30
4.00
5.38
8.19
3.48
4.85
3.22
5.73
6.61
2.65
4.94
6.11
9.21
9.85
1.71
5.50
6.48
2.64
2.61
8.46
7.73
5.30
6.62
6.15
5.73
41
Paris
France
4.82
2.73
7.50
6.33
9.81
7.92
2.89
5.60
5.80
4.87
5.62
4.65
6.48
3.98
2.63
4.83
4.86
9.59
9.19
5.61
1.93
6.24
6.73
2.42
6.67
5.78
6.32
7.83
6.23
5.72
42
Tokyo
Japan
5.79
4.53
8.43
6.05
9.73
9.59
1.16
5.83
7.08
2.91
6.77
4.13
6.29
8.30
3.40
5.81
5.12
8.79
9.43
6.24
1.41
6.20
5.09
1.20
7.58
3.63
5.67
4.26
4.86
5.67
43
London
United Kingdom
5.22
4.47
6.24
7.22
9.92
9.03
2.89
6.03
7.03
5.50
3.69
5.70
5.69
4.80
1.73
4.83
2.02
9.80
9.28
2.58
2.09
5.15
10.00
2.53
7.32
10.00
3.13
6.28
6.60
5.65
44
Doha
Qatar
3.38
1.00
6.09
5.84
1.00
9.38
10.00
5.59
9.23
6.98
4.46
5.43
1.00
9.93
7.72
6.46
2.72
2.56
5.53
8.94
5.45
5.04
1.82
6.16
6.97
2.79
4.91
8.45
5.42
5.63
45
Zagreb
Croatia
1.83
1.00
4.52
2.60
6.59
9.33
4.32
3.89
7.53
7.78
9.35
1.52
3.71
8.45
3.46
6.11
3.49
6.82
8.48
8.78
2.13
5.94
1.82
2.60
7.09
6.98
9.16
6.06
6.30
5.56
46
Tel Aviv
Israel
4.35
1.00
4.21
5.84
9.87
9.10
2.11
4.88
5.64
5.17
6.38
7.00
4.14
7.97
8.44
6.61
2.91
7.26
8.62
6.36
1.54
5.34
2.64
4.19
6.15
8.56
4.59
3.51
5.25
5.52
47
Dublin
Ireland
5.62
1.20
7.03
6.86
9.04
8.61
2.42
5.57
8.51
5.73
4.85
8.04
3.78
4.51
1.78
5.46
3.57
8.41
9.60
3.07
1.45
5.22
1.82
2.90
6.68
10.00
4.71
5.25
5.80
5.51
48
Moscow
Russian Federation
1.95
1.27
7.65
5.03
9.85
8.76
7.95
5.74
5.76
8.64
7.77
4.26
2.77
6.06
2.83
5.62
2.79
4.75
9.38
8.66
1.00
5.32
2.64
1.88
2.82
4.38
8.13
8.85
5.29
5.49
49
Singapore City
Singapore
3.91
1.27
4.52
5.64
9.54
9.59
6.53
5.71
6.16
4.47
3.69
5.17
2.23
6.90
4.05
4.84
6.54
6.00
9.24
7.38
2.85
6.40
3.45
7.24
6.13
7.34
4.29
1.93
5.01
5.49
50
Kyiv
Ukraine
1.12
1.00
7.65
4.02
9.09
7.73
7.16
5.01
7.80
10.00
9.54
7.26
4.27
4.93
4.47
7.00
2.02
4.59
8.45
9.41
1.14
5.12
1.00
2.35
3.27
4.20
8.73
5.97
4.77
5.47
51
Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia
2.03
1.07
4.52
7.69
8.48
9.27
5.58
5.39
8.21
4.53
9.12
8.17
1.79
2.29
4.63
5.83
4.51
4.33
8.70
8.84
2.72
5.82
2.64
2.01
4.02
5.43
8.16
3.95
4.78
5.45
52
Riga
Latvia
1.71
1.00
6.87
1.61
7.03
7.89
5.11
3.96
8.43
8.50
9.27
1.39
3.31
6.18
2.96
5.69
4.94
6.57
9.29
7.34
4.62
6.55
1.00
2.74
6.42
5.66
8.34
5.13
5.48
5.42
53
Athen
Greece
2.28
1.00
4.37
2.48
7.07
5.23
2.89
3.30
8.07
7.11
9.35
9.09
4.27
4.11
6.55
7.11
2.88
7.80
8.56
6.77
1.79
5.56
2.64
2.44
5.03
6.35
7.92
5.53
5.47
5.36
54
Buenos Aires
Argentina
2.01
1.00
5.30
4.87
8.86
7.10
4.47
4.50
4.95
8.75
9.15
6.74
5.46
2.62
5.71
6.19
1.32
5.03
8.96
9.51
3.76
5.72
1.82
1.59
3.52
5.99
10.00
3.39
4.92
5.33
55
Sao Paulo
Brazil
2.67
1.40
7.65
2.40
9.63
5.85
5.58
4.58
6.54
8.16
8.77
8.83
5.39
1.49
4.71
6.30
2.24
5.03
8.96
8.40
2.31
5.39
2.64
1.02
3.07
3.72
8.95
7.30
4.97
5.31
56
Milan
Italy
4.21
1.40
7.10
4.08
8.94
7.52
3.21
4.80
6.52
6.00
6.77
5.04
4.86
5.37
3.52
5.53
2.65
8.11
7.35
5.39
4.21
5.54
3.45
2.19
5.72
5.43
5.99
6.03
5.20
5.27
57
Rome
Italy
4.60
1.40
7.10
4.08
7.32
7.52
3.21
4.71
6.59
6.45
6.77
5.04
4.86
4.13
5.13
5.49
2.65
8.11
9.03
6.55
2.76
5.82
2.64
2.19
5.72
5.43
5.55
5.75
4.97
5.25
58
Seoul
South Korea
3.38
2.00
1.39
6.66
9.58
9.01
3.37
4.88
3.97
1.70
8.15
3.61
4.17
7.86
4.06
5.31
4.04
7.38
8.20
7.91
1.50
5.80
2.64
1.22
5.05
5.37
6.78
2.92
4.41
5.10
59
Beijing
China
1.84
10.00
5.30
5.44
9.96
9.33
2.89
5.49
1.00
6.47
7.69
6.22
2.79
6.77
5.95
5.76
1.00
2.59
6.31
8.78
3.62
4.46
10.00
1.00
2.94
4.62
7.25
1.53
4.37
5.02
60
Mexico City
Mexico
1.18
1.13
1.00
3.43
9.06
9.06
4.47
3.84
7.43
9.06
9.00
9.87
2.80
1.66
4.08
6.44
2.11
5.10
8.44
9.41
1.63
5.34
3.45
1.08
4.28
2.23
8.67
4.41
4.37
5.00
61
Shanghai
China
1.91
10.00
5.30
5.44
9.88
9.33
2.89
5.50
2.31
6.09
7.92
6.22
2.79
6.71
3.15
5.60
1.00
2.59
6.99
8.78
4.41
4.76
2.64
1.00
2.94
4.62
7.45
2.15
3.80
4.91
62
Manila
Philippines
1.37
1.00
7.65
6.25
8.34
8.12
4.47
4.93
2.05
8.91
9.50
8.96
2.19
2.36
4.19
5.90
1.52
2.77
8.35
9.02
1.07
4.55
1.00
1.01
1.00
5.87
8.94
2.89
3.94
4.83
63
Cape Town
South Africa
2.26
1.00
5.30
2.89
7.22
1.00
2.89
3.06
9.05
8.04
8.00
5.57
4.60
1.00
7.36
5.82
1.94
3.54
9.67
7.38
3.96
5.30
1.82
1.69
5.22
7.22
8.20
3.05
5.09
4.82
64
Istanbul
Turkey
1.41
1.07
1.31
1.32
8.69
6.28
4.47
3.18
8.02
7.22
9.35
6.61
2.02
4.80
3.91
6.27
1.53
3.46
8.68
9.07
1.09
4.77
2.64
1.56
4.73
2.97
9.56
5.87
5.05
4.81
65
Bangkok
Thailand
2.06
1.07
3.74
4.43
8.65
10.00
4.47
4.54
4.00
5.47
8.92
8.43
1.81
5.73
6.03
6.35
3.24
3.92
8.23
7.64
1.20
4.85
1.82
1.56
2.72
1.60
8.12
2.33
3.29
4.76
66
Jakarta
Indonesia
1.16
1.07
7.65
3.82
9.36
8.40
5.26
4.70
5.11
7.51
9.50
9.22
1.24
3.92
7.27
6.64
1.40
2.67
6.07
9.45
1.68
4.25
1.82
1.00
1.92
2.61
8.86
2.24
3.41
4.75
67
Tripoli
Libya
1.18
1.00
7.65
1.79
2.31
4.29
8.42
3.80
8.21
9.18
9.46
1.00
2.69
2.38
8.14
5.39
1.04
4.64
6.82
8.60
5.09
5.24
1.00
1.81
2.32
1.03
9.84
7.83
4.49
4.73
68
Hanoi
Vietnam
1.61
1.00
2.17
2.56
6.34
9.62
4.47
3.64
6.49
8.09
8.31
8.57
3.01
6.26
1.87
6.57
1.89
4.17
6.26
9.39
4.05
5.15
2.64
1.00
1.78
3.21
9.13
1.00
3.39
4.69
69
Mumbai
India
1.00
1.47
4.52
5.44
9.71
8.21
4.32
4.54
2.68
7.66
9.08
7.13
1.66
5.43
5.89
6.12
1.89
1.00
5.85
9.47
1.02
3.85
3.45
1.04
3.05
3.90
8.77
1.74
3.94
4.61
70
New Delhi
India
1.07
1.47
5.30
5.44
9.75
8.21
4.32
4.64
6.53
7.94
10.00
7.13
1.66
3.11
6.25
6.29
1.89
1.00
1.00
9.21
1.16
2.85
2.64
1.04
3.05
3.90
9.55
4.94
4.65
4.61
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